The understanding should be the main concern in reading education. What good is reading if the child is not aware of what you read? In this article I will outline key strategies for reading comprehension and show how they should be used.
Before reading you should allow children to make predictions about what they think the book is about the basis on the title or the image on the cover of the book. Children can also make predictions about what they think will happen from what they read on the back of a book.
Discuss with them their predictions and ask them to justify their predictions are reasonable based on what they read. Create a chart that shows the provision of such titles as predict what / what happened in history. List of all students predict what will happen under the heading "WHAT predict" column. After reading the story you can write what actually happened in the history of "what happened in history" column.
Students should be able to adjust the estimates for the "laying down" the column can be changed, the story is read. Older readers should be taught that reading should look out for the creation of history, namely the time and place the story unfolds. The characters and plot are also key elements that should focus on understanding these elements of the story is the core of understanding of any story you read.
Allowing children to do research on a topic before it is presented in a story format is very effective in improving reading comprehension. This strategy however, works best with older readers. Children will feel more in tune with the text content if allowed a greater understanding before.
Another reading comprehension strategy that I found to be very effective is to do the vocabulary work before hand. You can introduce children to new words. Make that divide them into syllables. Put the new words on index cards. It can also cause children to find the meaning of these words in a dictionary, with this entire base, once you get the text to scroll smoothly.
After reading, children can make oral and written narration of the story. Involve children in answering questions. These can be in the form of reading comprehension questions or listen to traditional interrogations. I mentioned using research as a pre-reading, but can also be done after the reading.
Encourage children to act out stories in groups, with each child is taking the characters and play from the book.
Complete the story map is a good activity for students after the reading, as they have the opportunity to synthesize and focus on what happened at different times in history. A map is a good story that asks students to tell what happened in the beginning, middle and end of story.
Make a connection of literature and art students draw and paint or color their favorite scenes. They can also write about what they have prepared for a connection is also writing.